Scrum vs Agile: What’s the Difference?

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Scrum and Agile are two well-known approaches to managing and creating software. While both aim to boost a team’s performance, they use quite different approaches and have different underlying philosophies. Companies wanting to adopt either of these approaches would do well to familiarize themselves with the nuances between them. In this piece, we’ll define Scrum and Agile then compare and contrast their salient features. We’ll talk about how to get the most out of each approach and when it’s appropriate to utilize it.

What Is Scrum

Scrum vs Agile: What’s the Difference?

Scrum is an approach of organizing and finishing difficult tasks. It’s one of the most well-known Agile approaches, having been established by Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland in the early 1990s. Although its primary usage is in the software industry, the methodology has broad applicability. The core values of Scrum are openness, scrutiny, and continuous improvement. The architecture is meant to roll out features gradually, iteratively, and with room to maneuver in reaction to feedback and adjustments.

A Scrum Master is the leader of a Scrum team; they facilitate the Scrum process and make sure the team is following the Scrum principles and guidelines. Members of the team have specialized roles such as Product Owner, Development Team, and Scrum Master, and the group operates in a cross-functional, self-organizing manner. Each sprint lasts between two and four weeks, and during that time, the team works together to accomplish the project’s goals and produce an increment of the product that may be ready for release.

Sprint Planning, Daily Scrums, Sprint Reviews, and Sprint Retrospectives are just few of the sessions that make up Scrum’s highly collaborative and communicative process, ensuring that all team members are on the same page and that any problems are handled as soon as possible. It’s a malleable structure that can be adjusted to meet the unique requirements of every given project or business.

What Is Agile

The Agile Manifesto is the foundation for the Agile approach to project management. It is a set of principles for software development that places an emphasis on people and interactions above procedures and technologies. Agile is a development methodology that places an emphasis on changeability, adaptability, and quick iteration with the end aim of producing high-quality software that satisfies the requirements of all parties involved. The software industry makes heavy use of it, but it has broad applicability in fields including building, advertising, and medicine. Scrum, Kanban, and Lean are just a few of the most well-known Agile practices. Scrum, an unique structure for managing and finishing big projects, is frequently used in combination with Agile.

One of Agile’s key tenets is the value of open and frequent communication and cooperation within a team. One way to do this is by the use of frequent meetings, such as daily stand-ups, when team members may report on their progress and discuss any problems they’re encountering. Kanban boards and other visual aids are encouraged in the Agile methodology to assist teams monitor their progress and pinpoint problem areas. By working together, the team is better able to achieve its goals and solve any problems as they arise. Continuous improvement is also highly valued in the agile methodology, with the team doing regular retrospectives to assess their own performance and look for locations to boost their work. This ensures that the team is consistently delivering high-quality work and that the project is developing as planned.

Key Differences

Scrum vs Agile: What’s the Difference?

Both Scrum and Agile are well-liked approaches to software development, yet they diverge in significant ways. The primary emphasis of each approach is a key distinction. Scrum prioritizes iteratively producing a working product, while Agile prioritizes iteratively delivering a working product as rapidly as feasible.

The tasks and authority structures within the two approaches are also distinctive. Within Scrum, the responsibilities of Scrum Master, Product Owner, and Development Team are all well defined. Agile encourages a more flexible division of labor and requires team members to be able to perform several jobs.

Sprints are time-boxed iterations used in Scrum, during which a predetermined number of features must be developed and implemented. Agile, on the other hand, is not bound by any particular schedule and prioritizes the timely delivery of functioning software.

Scrum also makes use of rituals including sprint planning meetings, stand-ups, reviews, and debriefs. However, Agile allows for more variation in its rituals and meetings.

The last distinction between Scrum and Agile is that Scrum is more prescriptive in its approach, providing a set of specified rules and roles, whereas Agile allows experimentation and adaptation to determine what works best for a certain team or project.


Iterative development, self-organizing teams, and continuous improvement are all ideas and ideals that underpin both Scrum and Agile. There are, nevertheless, significant variations in their actual applications. Scrum, for instance, adheres to a strict structure with well defined roles, procedures, and deliverables, whereas Agile may be adapted to meet the unique requirements of every given project. Moreover, each sprint in Scrum is geared at producing a working product increment, whereas each iteration in Agile is geared toward delivering workable software. Teams’ productivity and the project’s final product may be impacted by these implementation variations. It’s crucial to know the ins and outs of various methods so you can pick the one that works best for your project.


Popular approaches to software development include Scrum and Agile. Scrum is a framework, whereas Agile is a way of thinking; however, the two approaches are quite similar. Both are iterative and incremental, and both stem from the Agile Manifesto. Which method, Scrum or Agile, is better will depend on the nature of the project itself.


Nemanja holds his master's degree in economics, and he's been writing and delivering helpful guides right at your feet for years! With an audience that counts in millions, he writes an article a day to keep stupidity away.

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